Foundation dates back to medieval times, however back then the point of foundation was to make you seem fairer skinned. Fair skin was associated with the wealthy because it showed they didn’t need to spend time outside working like peasants did. Contrary to today where tan skin shows you have more leisure time. The point of foundation today is to match your particular skin tone rather than to change your skin tone. This is why companies invest in making as wide of a variety of foundations as possible to make sure every individual can find their unique foundation. There are even custom foundations available. But how is foundation made? The first step is figuring out the amounts necessary to get the desired color for the powder foundation. The powder is made by mixing a blend of titanium, mica and zink. This blend is often mixed with the colors red, yellow and black.
This is to create a unique and precis consistency and shade. Once the pigment is figured out in the lab they send it to the larger production facilities to be produced on a factory level. They use massive mixing machines to mix the foundations at the precise consistencies that they figured out in the labs. Once the ingredients are mixed the entire contents of the mixer needs to be put into a compounder. This is where the particles are compounded and the pigment comes out. This is where the real shade of the foundation comes out. At this point the foundation is pretty much ready to be sent to the shelves. But not before a skilled worker checks each product to make sure the shade is up to the correct standards. Then the foundation is ready to be packaged.
Since it’s ready for packaging the foundation is transferred into large containers known as drums. These drums are transferred to the packaging facility. Each individual container has the same exact amount of foundation put into it. A plastic bottom is put on the container and it is sealed. After being sealed the foundation needs to be labeled to ensure the specific shade is known. Most of this process is automated by machines with little human interaction.
This makes the entire process much faster and cost effective. Once the foundation is packaged and labeled the containers need to be cleaned before it’s put into its final packaging. At this point human interaction is back in and a line worker is needed to clean off the container. Then the products are put into large boxes and are ready to be sent out. The actual ingredients that go into foundation aren’t the difficult part, the precise amount of ingredients and the amount of cleaning all the mixers need is the difficult part of the production process. Customers aren’t paying for the ingredients as much as the knowledge and experience of formulas held by all the makeup companies. If someone could figure out the formula for their skin tone they could easily make their own DIY foundation at home by just buying the ingredients.
Thanks for reading my article, if you enjoyed it check out more here.